For a long time now, employers have noticed a persistent talent shortage in the tech world. As a result, tech workers can command high salaries and have a lot of freedom in where they are going to work.

In fact, according to a new survey of high-demand tech professionals conducted by Indeed’s elite tech recruitment service Indeed Prime, 88% of tech workers currently intend to leave their present employer for another job opportunity in the future.

But where are they going to work? And what type of company are they going to work for? Do hot startups hold all the appeal, or prestigious Silicon Valley brands? Understanding the answers to these questions can help employers and job seekers make better matches.

How important is working in Silicon Valley?

For decades Silicon Valley has served as a tech mecca, and blue chip firms such as Facebook, Apple and Google headquartered there are constantly in the news.

However while tech worker interest in Silicon Valley is strong, it’s hardly the only place tech workers see opportunity—not by a long shot.

68.3% of Tech Workers Consider Working in the Silicon Valley 'Not Important'
Pie chart titled “68.3% of Tech Workers Consider Working in the Silicon Valley ‘Not Important’.” Indeed compared the importance of living and working in the Silicon Valley among US tech workers aged 18-65. 46.1% reported it was not important at all. Caption added post-publication.

In fact, over two-thirds of tech workers think it is either “not that important” or “not at all important” to live and work in Silicon Valley while pursuing a career in technology—compared to 31.8% of tech workers who do.

Here, however, age makes a big difference.

45.5% of Millennials Consider Working in the Silicon Valley 'Important'
Pie chart titled “45.5% of Millennials Consider Working in the Silicon Valley ‘Important’.” Indeed compared attitudes to importance of Silicon Valley with separate pie charts representing “Millennials,” “Gen X,” and “Boomers.” Millennials reported working in the Silicon Valley most important, with 45.5%, compared with 32.5% of Gen X and 10.2% of Boomers. Caption added post-publication.

Strikingly, almost half of millennial tech workers think it’s important (26.5%) or very important (19%) to live and work in Silicon Valley. However, the number drops to 32.5% among generation X and a mere 10.2% among boomers. In other words, while fresh talent is more often interested in the tech mecca, seasoned talent is often searching for opportunity elsewhere.

Of course, given the notoriously sky-high rents in the Bay Area, it is easy to understand why experienced workers, many of whom have families, aren’t sold on the importance of Silicon Valley. In fact, Indeed data shows that interest from tech job seekers aged 31-40 in jobs outside of Silicon Valley increased 12 percentage points over the course of 2015.

By contrast, millennials—who are at the start of their careers and may have fewer attachments—are more likely to view the higher costs of living as an acceptable trade-off during a phase in their careers when they are establishing their reputations and developing experience.

How important are prestigious tech brands?

We also asked our respondents what type of company they wanted to work for as their next choice. After all, you don’t need to be based in Silicon Valley to work for a tech leader.

Only 10.9% of Tech Workers Would Consider a Startup For Their Next Job Opportunity
Pie chart titled “Only 10.9% of Tech Workers Would Consider a Startup For Their Next Job Opportunity.” Indeed compared the preferred future employer type among US tech workers aged 18-65. 10.9% would consider a startup. Caption added post-publication.

However, while prestigious Silicon Valley brands performed well—with 33% of respondents stating that is who they would like to work for next—they weren’t the first choice. A greater percentage of respondents (41%) opted for an established and reputed tech company for their next job opportunity.

Employers in other industries face an uphill battle however as only 12% of respondents expressed interest in applying their skills at a non-tech firm. Meanwhile, despite all the media hype about “unicorns” and 20-something billionaires an even lower number (10.9%) want to work for a start-up, strongly suggesting that the overwhelming majority of tech workers take a pragmatic, risk-averse view of their careers.

Once again, however, the results change once broken down by the generations.

37.4% of Millennials Want to Work for a Silicon Valley Brand
Pie chart titled “37.4% of Millennials Want to Work for a Silicon Valley Brand.” Indeed compared the preferred future employer type with separate pie charts representing “Millennials,” “Gen X,” and “Boomers.” 37.4% of millennials want to work for a Silicon Valley brand, compared with 47.1% of Gen X and 37.1% of Boomers. Caption added post-publication.

Silicon Valley brands have the strongest appeal among millennials, 40.1% of whom selected this type of company as their next choice. By contrast, only 30% of respondents in generation X and 22.5% of boomers intend to work for them.

Boomers meanwhile show the strongest interest in applying their tech skills in a different industry—with 19.1% saying that this is what they want to do next. This is good news for employers outside tech, as it means they attract the strongest interest from the most seasoned professionals.

Strikingly, boomers also express the most interest in working for a startup (13.5%), edging out millennials (12.6%) while generation X shows the least interest (7.6%). For gen X this is again likely a question of stability, as startups often pay less in return for the promise of a significant payout if the company becomes successful.

With many millennials yet to start families, and boomers at the stage in their life where their children are in college or already working, members of both demographics are more easily able to entertain the risks of a new venture.

Which cities do tech workers think have the most opportunities?

While the majority of tech workers may not think it is “important” to work in Silicon Valley, the cities of the Bay Area nevertheless ranked highest when respondents were asked to list US cities from best to worst for job opportunities.

Where the Tech Job Opportunities Are
Table titled “Where the Tech Job Opportunities Are.” Indeed listed the top 9 US cities for tech job opportunities as viewed by US tech workers aged 18-65. Silicon Valley was top. Caption added post-publication.

Here, however, tech worker perception differs slightly from what Indeed data shows us. For while it supports the idea that San Jose, San Francisco and Seattle are top talent hubs, Austin actually places fourth for tech job seeker interest. Thus the capital of the Lone Star State beats out New York, Boston and Los Angeles.

Even so, perception is often reality—and so this ranking can give employers in non tech-hubs an idea of those based in Silicon Valley and Seattle. For instance, a non-tech employer based in Denver is going to have a considerably harder time recruiting top talent than a tech firm in Seattle—even though Denver regularly scores highly on quality of living lists.

Armed with this knowledge, employers can design competitive packages more likely to attract the top talent they need. Or they can consider offering tech talent greater flexibility regarding hours and remote working—which is something else that this group of workers values highly. Alternatively, a service such as Indeed Prime can help match elite talent to top firms. To learn more about how Prime can help you, click here.

Learn how Indeed Prime can help you hire top tech talent
Learn how Indeed Prime can help you hire top tech talent.