We regularly update this report to track the pandemic’s effects on the labor market.
Job postings on Indeed are a real-time measure of labor market activity. On November 5, 2021, they were 51.4% above February 1, 2020, the pre-pandemic baseline, after adjusting for seasonal variation. Postings were up 1.8 percentage points in the past week.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 10.4 million job openings at the end of August in its latest JOLTS report. Job postings on Indeed increased 7.9% between August 31 and November 5. If JOLTS openings have grown since August 31 at the same rate as Indeed job postings, that implies 11.2 million job openings as of November 5.
Lots of postings for HR and warehousing jobs
Job postings in all occupational sectors are above the pre-pandemic baseline, led by loading & stocking and human resources. Driving jobs are on par with the economy average, but haven’t moved much in the last month despite supply chain shortages plaguing consumers nationwide. With the paused decline of COVID-19 cases, job postings growth in pandemic-sensitive occupations like beauty & wellness and hospitality & tourism remain well below job postings nationally.
Job postings up across wage tiers and remote-work share
Job postings across occupational advertised wage tiers are well above their pre-pandemic baselines, but low advertised wage job postings have risen slower in recent weeks. We define low advertised median hourly wage as below $15 per hour, middle wage as $15 to $20.38 per hour and high wage as at or above $20.39 an hour.
At the beginning of the pandemic, low advertised wage job postings, such as for loading & stocking and personal care & home health, recovered quickest and were often for critical roles as society shuttered at large. But since the delta surge in late summer, low advertised wage job postings started to lag middle and high advertised wage job postings, with a current spread of more than five percentage points.
Job postings have climbed in both in-person and work-from-home sectors. That’s a change from the start of the pandemic, when low-remote postings recovered first and strongest. The early pandemic shift to remote work in the pandemic created jobs in occupations that supported the stay-at-home economy, like driving and warehouse jobs, that aren’t themselves work-from-home jobs.
Job postings recovering across metros
Within the US, job postings are up essentially everywhere. Except for Honolulu, postings are at least 25% above the pre-pandemic baseline in all large metros.
Metros where a higher share of people can work from home continue to recover more slowly than metros generally. These are mostly large metros with high education levels like tech hubs and finance centers. Similar to earlier in the pandemic, job postings rebounded more slowly in these metros. Postings in these metros finally rose above the pre-pandemic baseline at the end of March, but still lag all metros job growth by 11 percentage points.
Job postings requiring vaccination rise further
Job postings advertising that vaccination is required continue to rise, now 2.5% of all US job postings on Indeed. Both 7.5% of pharmacy and childcare job postings, respectively, included vaccination requirements in job descriptions and Washington state leads the pack with 6.2% of its job postings requiring vaccination.
We host the underlying job-postings chart data on Github as downloadable CSV files. Typically, it will be updated with the latest data one day after this blog post was published.
All figures in this blog post are the percentage change in seasonally-adjusted job postings since February 1, 2020, using a seven-day trailing average. February 1, 2020, is our pre-pandemic baseline. We seasonally adjust each series based on historical patterns in 2017, 2018, and 2019. Each series, including the national trend, occupational sectors, and sub-national geographies, is seasonally adjusted separately. We adopted this new methodology in January 2021. Data for June 24-30, 2021, and November 1 are missing and were interpolated. The median hourly advertised wage of job postings is calculated by occupational sector for calendar year 2019.
Indeed no longer allows Colorado jobs that ask the candidate to disclose their previous salaries. This has a meaningful effect on our postings in the state of Colorado and its metros, though not on our national totals.
The number of job postings on Indeed.com, whether related to paid or unpaid job solicitations, is not indicative of potential revenue or earnings of Indeed, which comprises a significant percentage of the HR Technology segment of its parent company, Recruit Holdings Co., Ltd. Job posting numbers are provided for information purposes only and should not be viewed as an indicator of performance of Indeed or Recruit. Please refer to the Recruit Holdings investor relations website and regulatory filings in Japan for more detailed information on revenue generation by Recruit’s HR Technology segment.